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Articles    H2'ed 8/5/12

Pitching to agents: How to throw a fiction fast ball

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Message Kathryn Craft
crossposted from BloodRedPencil

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Ah, it's conference season again.

Writers everywhere  are crawling  from their winter writing spaces, blinking a few times, and sniffing the air: Time to meet with others of my kind.

I admire these writers, who will plunk their money down to invest in a career that may still be one of their imagination. They will don their best "business casual" (clean and pressed--yes; over-eager--no; professional yet confidently relaxed and "I too could be on Oprah" is the image they seek) and stride through the hotel ballroom doors with a game face on because this is what they've been working for, what they can find nowhere else: the chance to sit down with an agent, editor or publisher, face to face, and advocate for their work.

Are you one of them? If you too are gearing up to pitch to an agent or editor this conference season, and you write fiction or memoir, here are a few tips on how to put together your pitch.

By now your manuscript may have swelled to 100,000 words or more, but your pitch needs to be brief. Succinct. Depending on the conference you'll have somewhere between 5-10 minutes, which will feel like about the same amount of time it takes for a fastball to get from the pitching mound to home plate. The first few times you pitch you'll think this is horribly unfair. Your work is so complex! So intriguing, in every detail!

But truth is, you only need a minute. The rest of the time you can spend answering the agent's questions.

The very brevity of your pitch will speak volumes to an agent. She'll know you have a clear handle on what you've written, how it can best hook a reader, and that you know how to market it in the requisite sound bytes.

Attempting to write a pitch also might reveal that you are still wrestling with what you've written, feel vague about how it might hook a reader, and that you have no clue what market it belongs in--also useful information.

So what is a pitch?
The pitch is a 2-3 sentence summary that includes the "who, what, why, and why not." Just enough information to intrigue the agent (I want to read that book!) and induce salivation (I think I can sell that book!).

You can structure the pitch any way you want, but you can't go wrong with the following formula: When  [A]  happens,  [B] wants  [C]  because  [D] , but  [E]  must first be overcome before [F] .

A = inciting incident
B = protagonist
C = desire that drives the book
D = motivation of main character 
E = obstacle/conflict
F = ending

Using an example referenced repeatedly in Debra Dixon's valuable book Goal, Motivation & Conflict (available on line from Gryphon Books), a pitch for The Wizard of Oz might read:

When a tornado deposits an adventure-seeking girl in the fantastical  Land of Oz [A] ,  Dorothy [B]  wants to find the wizard who can  help her get back home [C]  because  her aunt is sick [D].  First she must  overcome the witch who wants back her magical shoes, which Dorothy wears [E] . When the wizard can't help her,  she discovers she always had the power to get back home, where she has everything she's ever wanted [F] .

To get the most out of your pitch, layer the A-to-F formula with descriptors that imply the genre--in this case, "adventure-seeking girl" suggests YA, "Land of Oz," and references to a "wizard" and a "witch" suggest fantasy.

Without this kind of concision, your ten minutes will flit past while you flounder around trying to help the person you are meeting with "get" your book. (I speak from that kind of mortifying experience that emblazons life lessons on our consciousness.) Give the agent or editor a handle on the "who, what, why, and why not" right out of the gate, and he or she will be free to devote the remaining precious minutes to the bottom line of this meeting: discussing the marketability of your project.
If the project is right for that agent or editor, you will leave the pitch session with an invitation to submit. Always ask: submit what and how? Every agent has his or her preferred method, and your attention to this detail will speak well of you. If the agent gives me a card, I usually write on the back, "first 50 pp, e-mail attachment," "first 3 ch., in body of e-mail" or "first 100 pp, snail mail." I wouldn't rely upon memory at a conference: the influx of new information can be staggering.
Remember: whether or not you are asked to submit, and whether or not that submission is met with a form letter or an invitation to send the full manuscript, pitching is a sport that takes practice. The fact that you are willing to step onto the mound for your manuscript--sometimes again and again--shows that you have what it takes to win in the publishing game.
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Kathryn Craft  is a developmental editor at . She loves any event that brings writers together, so she's attended writers' conferences from New York to Maui. She serves on the board of the  Philadelphia Writers' Conference , and 2010 marks the second time she has chaired  (more...)
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